In line with the mandate of the 100 Climate Solutions Project Campaign, R20 must measure, report and verify (MRV) projects contribution to GHG emission reductions, as well as their positive impacts towards sustainable development. Indeed, it is one thing to make a claim, but R20 plans to back up those claims for each project that R20 helps develop. Therefore, R20 is currently reviewing several MRV project standards in order to find a “one-stop-shop” standard for assessing individual renewable energy, energy efficiency and waste management infrastructure projects for their GHG emission reductions, as well as their contribution to sustainable development. In addition, the ideal MRV standard will include a specific module or criteria focused on mitigating risks for project investors.
Want to learn more about R20’s approach to MRV?
Read our Director of Research and Technical Initiatives’s article, “Why Certification Standards Matter for City-Level Climate Interventions”.
Subnational (jurisdictional) MRV
As part of the Positive Agenda, as requested by the French Government who will be hosting the UNFCCC COP 21, the R20 is working together with a number of other actors on a bottom-up process of commitments towards COP21. This bottom-up process includes the “Paris Declaration”, which is a signed declaration from subnational governments, business and finance to support an international climate deal during the UN COP21 in 2015.
The Paris Declaration includes several commitments for action for subnational governments. One of those commitments is subnational reporting, which is an important component of MRV (Measuring, Reporting and Verification). One way to ensure that local actions on climate change are acknowledged on a global political scale is through efficient MRV of these actions, thereby allowing sub-nationals to contribute, for example, to greenhouse gas reduction commitments at national levels.a
The R20 and its partners call on the Paris Declaration signatories to support existing reporting platforms (such as CDP and the Carbonn Climate Registry) in order to ensure the recognition of GHG reduction efforts and other local climate actions implemented at cities and regions’ level.
The Carbonn Registry is an online platform that accepts data not only from cities, but also from states, provinces and regions. The Carbonn registry will allow some of R20’s most active members to report their data and be recognised, along with other sub-national governments, in important international agreements. To this end, ICLEI and R20 plan to promote results of the upgraded registry at important events such as the COP21. Beyond these events, both ICLEI and R20 hope to see sub-national reporting lead to long-term benefits on climate change mitigation, adaptation and green growth. http://carbonn.org
The CDP is a voluntary online climate change reporting platform for cities, states and regions. The CDP has launched a new initiative for sub-national governments to monitor and report their emissions. By developing and testing a common reporting system, sub-national governments will be able to identify their greatest sources of emissions and therefore develop targeted reductions measures. The R20 is working together with CDP, The Climate Group and others on the Compact of States and Regions. Signatories to the Compact commit to providing an annual account of the climate commitments made by state and regional governments around the world and report progress towards those commitments. https://www.cdp.net
Together with The Climate Group, AER, NEAR, ICLEI, CDP, Mexico Pact, ORU-Fogar, nrg4SD, FMDV and others, R20 is currently working on a data collection effort with states and regions. The data will be presented at COP21 in Paris in 2015.